Category: golden age

Daniel Vertangen – The assault of Copenhagen o…

Daniel Vertangen – The assault of Copenhagen on the night between 10 and 11 February 1659 – 1659

The assault on Copenhagen on 11 February 1659 was a major battle during the Second Northern War, taking place during the siege of Copenhagen by the Swedish army.

During the Northern Wars, the Swedish army under Charles X Gustav of Sweden, after invading the Danish mainland of Jutland, swiftly crossed the frozen straits and occupied most of the Danish island of Zealand, with the invasion beginning on February 11, 1658. This forced the Danes to sue for peace. A preliminary treaty, the Treaty of Taastrup, was signed on February 18, 1658 with the final treaty, the Treaty of Roskilde, signed on February 26, 1658, granting Sweden major territorial gains.

The Swedish king, however, was not content with his stunning victory, and at the Privy Council held at Gottorp on July 7, Charles X Gustav resolved to wipe his inconvenient rival from the map of Europe. Without any warning, in defiance of international treaty, he ordered his troops to attack Denmark-Norway a second time.

The Swedish armies had never left Denmark after the peace and already occupied all of Denmark apart from the capital, Copenhagen. After a failed assault, Copenhagen was put under siege in the hope of breaking the defense by starvation. In October 1658 however a Dutch relief fleet under Lieutenant-Admiral Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam defeated the Swedish fleet in the Battle of the Sound and lifted the sea blockade so that supplies and an auxiliary army could reach the capital. The Dutch were an ally of Denmark from the Anglo-Dutch Wars and were afraid that Swedish control of the Baltic would ruin their profitable trade in this area.

The Swedes started the action by making a diversionary attack at Christianshavn and Slotsholmen at the evening on 9 February. They were repulsed, and the Swedes left one of their assault bridges behind, which the Danes captured and measured. They found that the Swedish assault bridges were 36 feet long, and thus they realised that they could render these bridges useless by making the ice free parts of the moats wider than that.

The main assaults were made against Christianshavn and Vestervold, but the chopped-up ice and the massed weaponry on the wall made the densely packed attackers pay a horrific toll in lives. Still, they fought their way to the top of the wall, and fierce hand-to-hand fighting broke out.

When the Swedes realised that the assaults on the Western part of the wall were in trouble, the choice was made to make a supporting attack at Østerport. The Swedes got very close to Nyboder and were in the process of crossing the moat, when they fell victim to a well-conducted ambush, and they withdrew with heavy losses.

At about five in the morning the Swedes gave up and retreated. They had taken severe losses. Before the walls 600 bodies were counted, and many more had perished in the ice-cold water and were never found. On top of that there were many wounded. The Danes had only suffered about 14 dead.

The Dutch in the spring of 1659 sent a second fleet and army under Vice-Admiral De Ruyter to further reinforce the city and cut the Swedish supply lines so that the siege would have to be lifted altogether. After Nyborg had been taken by a Dutch-Danish force, the Danish Isles were abandoned by the Swedes. Negotiations were opened and the Treaty of Copenhagen was signed on May 27, 1660, and it marked the conclusion of the Second Northern War between Sweden and the alliance of Denmark and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In conjunction with the Treaty of Roskilde, it ended a generation of warfare and established the present-day borders of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Daniel Vertangen – Diana and Kallisto – 

Daniel Vertangen – Diana and Kallisto – 

In Greek mythology, Callisto or Kallisto  was a nymph, or the daughter of King Lycaon; the myth varies in such details. She was one of the followers of Artemis, or Diana for the Romans, who attracted Zeus (Jupiter). He transformed himself into the figure of Artemis and raped her in this disguise. She became pregnant and when this was eventually discovered, she was expelled from Artemis’s group, after which a furious Hera (Juno, wife of her seducer) transformed her into a bear. Later, just as she was about to be killed by her son when he was hunting, she was set among the stars as Ursa Major (“the Great Bear”). She was the bear-mother of the Arcadians, through her son Arcas by Zeus.

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Daniel Vertangen – Diana with bathing nymphs -…

Daniel Vertangen – Diana with bathing nymphs

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Daniel Vertangen – Bathing nymphs –

Daniel Vertangen – Bathing nymphs

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Attributed to Daniel Vertangen – Cimon and Iph…

Attributed to Daniel Vertangen – Cimon and Iphigenia – 1598

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

centuriespast: The Expulsion from Paradise Dan…


The Expulsion from Paradise

Daniel Vertangen

Glasgow Museums Resource Centre (GMRC)

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

According to Houbraken he was a pupil of Cornelis van Poelenburch.

According to the RKD he lived most of his life in Amsterdam and is known for landscapes and historical allegories. Though he is often listed as a pupil of Van Poelenburch, there is no documentation about this apprenticeship, but it could have been either before 1617 or as Poelenburch’s workshop partner after 1626.

Daniel Vertangen – Double portrait of Jan Valc…

Daniel Vertangen – Double portrait of Jan Valckenburgh and of Dina Lems, Valckeburgh’s wife – ca. 1660

Jan Valckenburgh (1623 – 8 July 1667) was a civil servant of the Dutch West India Company. Valckenburgh began as a simple assistant-trader, but managed to make career up to one of the highest ranks, that of Director-General of the Dutch Gold Coast, twice.

Valckenburgh became a commissioner in food supplies in Luanda in 1643 and returned to Amsterdam in 1649, after the recapture of Luanda by the Portuguese. It is likely that he married the same year to Dina Lems from Flushing, a daughter of former Governor of Dutch Brazil and later Luanda, Adriaen Lems.

During his leave in Amsterdam between 1659 and 1662, Valckenburgh commissioned a portrait of himself and his wife with the painter Daniel Vertangen. In 2002 it was considered the only painting of a Director-General of the Gold Goast in service of the Dutch West India Company, but a portrait of Director-General Jan Pranger has been identified since as well. He is painted with a black house slave and with Fort George on the background.

Both portraits were bought by the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam in 2002.

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

laclefdescoeurs:Bacchus and Ariadne, Daniel Ve…


Bacchus and Ariadne, Daniel Vertangen

In Hesiod and most other versions, Theseus abandoned Ariadne sleeping on Naxos, and Dionysus rediscovered and wedded her. In a few versions of the myth, Dionysus appeared to Theseus as they sailed from Crete, saying that he had chosen Ariadne as his wife and demanding that Theseus leave her on Naxos for him; this had the effect of absolving the Athenian cultural hero of desertion. The vase painters of Athens often depicted Athena leading Theseus from the sleeping Ariadne to his ship.

She bore Dionysus famous children including Oenopion, Staphylus, and Thoas. Her wedding diadem was set in the heavens as the constellation Corona Borealis. Ariadne was faithful to Dionysus. Perseus killed her at Argos. In other myths she hanged herself from a tree, like Erigone and the hanging Artemis, a Mesopotamian theme. Some scholars have posited, because of her associations with thread spinning and winding, that she was a weaving goddess, like Arachne, and support this theory with the mytheme of the Hanged Nymph (see weaving in mythology). Dionysus descended into Hades and returned with her and his mother, Semele. They then joined the gods on Mount Olympus.

Daniel Vertangen (1601, Amsterdam – ca.1683, Amsterdam), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

pintoras:Susanna van Steenwijk (Dutch, after 1…


Susanna van Steenwijk (Dutch, after 1601 – 1664): Lakenhal, Leiden (1642) (via Wikimedia Commons)

Susanna van Steenwijk (born after 1601 as Susanna Gaspoel – probably buried 2 August 1664, Amsterdam) was a painter of small architectural exteriors active in Leiden and Amsterdam.

Susanna’s father, Johan Gaspoel, was buried in 1622 in Westham in England, when his three children were not yet 21 years of age. In 1630 she married the architectural painter Hendrik van Steenwijk II, who was at least 20 years her elder. She baptized a son in Amsterdam in 1632 and one in Leiden in 1634.

Her known paintings are from the 1640s, and were made in Leiden and Amsterdam. Like her husband, she also made paintings of church interiors and a cabinet drawing of a church interior is known dated 1664 and signed “Susanna v. Steenwijk”.

Steenwijk being a local in Leiden was able to commission a piece in 1642 when the pure woolen industry took off. She created a painting of the brand new guildhall. She rendered the building in such a way that it emphasizes the architectural details, most likely due to her husband’s architectural painting background leading her to take an interest in such details one might not normally. She also made sure to include the five sculptured plaques on the façade that gave insight on the cloth production process.

dentelledeperle: Willem Bartsius (Circa 1612 -…


Willem Bartsius (Circa 1612 – Circa 1639)

Joueur de luth

Willem Bartsius (1612, Enkhuizen – 1657, Enkhuizen), was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

According to Houbraken, who mentioned his sister as Paulus Potter’s mother, his father was Paulus Bertius, the city secretary of Enkhuizen, and his mother was descended from the House of Egmont.

According to the RKD he became a member of the Alkmaar Guild of St. Luke in 1634 where he took on the pupil Abraham Meyndertsz, but in 1636 he moved to Amsterdam and little is known of him after 1639. He is known for both landscapes and portraits, including a schutterstuk in Alkmaar.