Category: 20th

catonhottinroof: Franz Courtens  Ramasseuse de…

catonhottinroof:

Franz Courtens 

Ramasseuse de bois

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

amare-habeo: Franz Courtens (Belgian, 1854…

amare-habeo:

Franz Courtens (Belgian, 1854 – 1943)

View in a sunny park, N/D

Oil on Canvas,
141 x 110,5 cm

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:Le Calme – Kalme Zee – Fra…

wonderingaboutitall:

Le Calme – Kalme Zee – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:The Return Of The Fisherme…

wonderingaboutitall:

The Return Of The Fishermen – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:Boats In The North Sea – F…

wonderingaboutitall:

Boats In The North Sea – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:Allee Im Sonnenschein – Fr…

wonderingaboutitall:

Allee Im Sonnenschein – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:Forest Pond – Franz Courte…

wonderingaboutitall:

Forest Pond – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

amare-habeo: Franz Courtens (Belgian, 1854…

amare-habeo:

Franz Courtens (Belgian, 1854 – 1943)

Brussels Park, N/D

 Charcoal, 45 x 60 cm

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

suonko:Barges by Franz Courtens Baron Francisc…

suonko:

Barges by Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

wonderingaboutitall:Sunny Lane – Franz Courten…

wonderingaboutitall:

Sunny Lane – Franz Courtens

Baron Franciscus Eduardus Maria (Franz) Courtens (1854–1943) was a Belgian painter.

He was a leading figure in the Dendermonde School, famous for his paintings of nature and landscapes. An essay on him by Fernand Khnopff was published in The International Studio 34 (1908). Courtens was professor at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts (NHISKA) in Antwerp from 1904 till 1924.

From 1862, the main painters from the Kalmthout School came to settle along the Scheldt border of the Dendermond area. Especially the artists’ village Vlassenbroek was the attraction and birthplace of the Dendermond School.

They were Isidore Meyers, Adriaan Jozef Heymans, Théodore Baron, Jacques Rosseels and Florent Crabeels who came to confirm the art of the Gray School (Kalmthoutse School). The well-known Flemish luminist baron Franz Courtens received his first academic training from Isidoor Meyers and Jacques Rosseels, while the Ghent painter-etcher Albert Baertsoen, between 1885 and 1888, also stayed in the vicinity of Dendermonde and underwent the influence of the aforementioned.

It should be noted that art historian Jean-Pierre De Bruyn, in his work De Dendermondse Schildersschool, recognizes the artist’s dynasty Verhas as original core figures of the Dendermond School, while Gray School was the continuation of the Kalmthout School. Jan Verhas is generally seen as the founder of the Dendermond School.

This school includes Adolf Willems (1866-1953), Pieter Gorus (1881-1941), Leo Spanoghe (1874-1955), Jan Maes (1876-1974), Herman Broeckaert (1878-1930) and Maurits Vander Cruyssen ( 1873-1942). The latter achieved first prizes in 1888, 1890, 1894 and 1896.

During their stay in Paris between 1855 and 1858, Isidore Meyers (1836-1917) and Adriaan Jozef Heymans had met the French Barbizon School painters and their resistance to formal academics in landscape painting had grown there. They were the first to respond to the conservative style that prevailed around Antwerp painters, such as Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Henri Leys and Henri de Braekeleer.

Back in Belgium, they started working in the surroundings of Kalmthout and Wechelderzande, in the Antwerp Kempen.

Other artists, such as Théodore Baron (1840-1899), Jacques Rosseels (1828-1912) and Florent Crabeels (1835-1896) came to seek inspiration in the vast nature between the Kempen fens, dunes and forests. Theodore Baron himself had once been in Barbizon and had made several studies of the forest of Fontainebleau. Baron was also in close contact with the School of Tervuren and thus forms a link between both Schools.

The Kalmthout School, also known as the Gray School, was formed around this group. It was never a deliberately structured style movement, although the predominantly gray tonalities were the hallmark of this Flemish pleinairism. These gray painters created a typical landscape style that for some time would find followers ranging from Willem Vogels (1836-1896) to the early paintings by James Ensor (1860-1949).