Category: 19th

Paul Jean Clays – Belgian and French warships …

Paul Jean Clays – Belgian and French warships during the Rio Nuñez Incident

The Rio Nuñez incident or Rio Nuñez affair was an international incident which occurred on the Rio Nuñez near Boké, in modern-day Guinea, in 1849. The incident occurred when vessels of a joint Belgian and French naval force fired on two British traders in the area.

During the 1840s and 50s, West Africa was the site of fledgling colonial rivalry between European powers. The Nuñez region lay between the French colony of Senegal and British Gambia and Sierra Leone. French traders were increasingly challenged by commercial trading expeditions from Britain, Belgium and America.

The French regional commander, Édouard Bouët-Willaumez, hoped that the Nuñez region could be formally annexed as a protectorate of the French colonial empire. The attack, far from securing the region for France, went contrary to Bouët-Willaumez’s plans. Both France and Belgium led a cover-up. Attempts by the British Prime Minister, Viscount Palmerston, to force France to pay reparations for the incident were ultimately unsuccessful and the affair lasted four years.

The incident formed part of the “Prelude to the Scramble for Africa” and, as Bouët-Willaumez had hoped, did lead to increased French control of the Nuñez. In 1866, French forces occupied Boké. The affair was therefore one of the first signs of future French hegemony in West Africa in what would become French West Africa (AOF).

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

classic-art: Ships Lying near Dortrecht Paul J…

classic-art:

Ships Lying near Dortrecht

Paul Jean Clays

Dordrecht (historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland. It is the fourth-largest city of the province, with a population of 118,450. The municipality covers the entire Dordrecht Island, also often called Het Eiland van Dordt (“the Island of Dordt”), bordered by the rivers Oude Maas, Beneden Merwede, Nieuwe Merwede, Hollands Diep, and Dordtsche Kil. Dordrecht is the largest and most important city in the Drechtsteden and is also part of the Randstad, the main conurbation in the Netherlands. Dordrecht is the oldest city in Holland and has a rich history and culture.

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

In 1851 he made his debut at the Paris Salon and, while he tried to stay in the mainstream, his art was heralded by those who were looking for a change to more realism.

In 1852 he married Marie-Isaure (d. 1860), the daughter of the director of the Brussels Observatory, and moved to Antwerp where he lived from 1852 to 1856; it was during this period that his fortunes began to improve.

In 1856 he and his family moved to Brussels where he became a prolific artist, specializing in scenes along the Scheldt. He exhibited a number of works at the Exposition Universelelle of 1867 and the critic Burger-Thoré described him as one of the greatest marine painters of the time.

In 1868 he became a member of the Société Libre des Beaux-Arts, a society founded on 1 March 1868 to help promote the works of artists who were interested in their individual interpretations of nature. He was a frequent exhibitor at the many exhibition halls in Europe and exhibited many pieces at the Paris Salon.

rehcklesslion: Painting I saw in Gent at the m…

rehcklesslion:

Painting I saw in Gent at the museum “Schone kunsten” ^^.

Daags na de Schipbreuk, 1853 by Paul Jean Clays

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

classic-art: Ships Lying Off Flushing Paul Jea…

classic-art:

Ships Lying Off Flushing

Paul Jean Clays

Vlissingen (Zeelandic: Vlissienge; historical name in English: Flushing) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. With its strategic location between the Scheldt river and the North Sea, Vlissingen has been an important harbour for centuries. It was granted city rights in 1315. In the 17th century Vlissingen was a main harbour for ships of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). It is also known as the birthplace of Admiral Michiel de Ruyter.

Vlissingen is mainly noted for the yards on the Scheldt where most of the ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine) are built.

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

centuriespast:The Port of LeithPaul Jean Clays…

centuriespast:

The Port of Leith
Paul Jean Clays (1819–1900)
City of Edinburgh Council

Leith is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.

The earliest surviving historical references are in the royal charter authorising the construction of Holyrood Abbey in 1128. The medieval settlements of Leith had grown into a burgh by 1833, and the burgh was merged into Edinburgh in 1920. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, Leith is sited on the coast of the Firth of Forth and lies within the council area of the City of Edinburgh.

The port remains one of its most valuable enterprises, handling over 1.5 million tonnes of cargo in 2003.

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

laclefdescoeurs:Barges moored before a windmil…

laclefdescoeurs:

Barges moored before a windmill, Paul Jean Charles Clays

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels.

Louis Dubois – Ships on the Scheldt at Tournai…

Louis Dubois – Ships on the Scheldt at Tournai – 1876

Louis Dubois(1830 Brussels – Brussels 1880) was a Belgian painter who specialized in landscapes and portraits in a naturalistic style. He also painted genre and still-life subjects.

Louis Dubois – The Lady with a Bouquet – 1854/…

Louis Dubois – The Lady with a Bouquet – 1854/55

Louis Dubois(1830 Brussels – Brussels 1880) was a Belgian painter who specialized in landscapes and portraits in a naturalistic style. He also painted genre and still-life subjects.

Louis Dubois – The Roulette – 1860

Louis Dubois – The Roulette – 1860

Louis Dubois(1830 Brussels – Brussels 1880) was a Belgian painter who specialized in landscapes and portraits in a naturalistic style. He also painted genre and still-life subjects.

Louis Dubois – The Heights of Beez – 1861

Louis Dubois – The Heights of Beez – 1861

Louis Dubois(1830 Brussels – Brussels 1880) was a Belgian painter who specialized in landscapes and portraits in a naturalistic style. He also painted genre and still-life subjects.