Category: 18th

Peeter Snyers – Still Life with Fruits – 

Oil on canvas. 23 7/8 x 20 in. (60.6 x 50.8 cm). North Carolina Museum of Art via Google Cultural Institute

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Peter Snyers – A vegetable still life with a red cabbage, together with caulifllower, beetroot and onions in a wicker basket – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Snyers was a versatile artist who painted in many genres including portraits, genre paintings, landscapes, still lifes, flower pieces, animal paintings, fruit pieces, game pieces, vegetable still lifes and plants. He painted both on large canvases and small copper plates. He was said never to have painted a composition twice.

Snyers painted a series of 12 paintings, each representing a different month of the year. This series is regarded as the masterpiece of the artist and never left his studio during his lifetime. The paintings were dispersed in 1763 when they were auctioned off. Two of the paintings (January and July) are now in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp and two (April and May) in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels. Another two, those for March and December, were auctioned by Christie’s (New York, 29 January 1998, lot 3). There is a reduced copy of the month of March in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. The paintings in the series are genre paintings which include a representation of each month by its astrological sign. The painting of the month of January in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp depicts three Epiphany singers with a big star and a few women and children with special cakes, particular to the winter season, together with a man pouring water who symbolises Aquarius, the astrological sign of January. The painting series may, directly or indirectly, have inspired Pieter Casteels III and Jacob van Huysum to produce a series of paintings of the 12 months.

His still lifes include outdoor settings with dead game and forest floors and indoor compositions with a profusion of small objects, fruits, single blossoms, nuts and other objects scattered across a surface.

Snyers was also an engraver. The British Museum holds a charming portrait of a sleeping boy by Snyers.[ He also produced an etched self-portrait (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam)

Peter Snijers – Still Life with Tistle and Nest – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

He entered on 17 August 1741 into an agreement with five other artists to provide free tuition at the directors of the Antwerp Academy. The Academy would eventually replace the Guild of Saint Luke.

The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp (Dutch: Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten van Antwerpen) is an art academy located in Antwerp, Belgium. It is one of the oldest of its kind in Europe. It was founded in 1663 by David Teniers the Younger, painter to the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm and Don Juan of Austria. Teniers was master of the Guild of St Luke — which embraced arts and some handicrafts — and petitioned Philip IV of Spain, then master of the Spanish Netherlands, to grant a royal charter to establish a Fine Arts Academy in Antwerp. It houses the Antwerp Fashion Academy.

Shortly after the founding of Antwerp Academy, three large paintings were executed for its meeting hall. Antwerp, Nurse of Painters, by Theodoor Boeyermans (1665; 188 x 454 cm), promotes the city’s recent artistic past. Portraits of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck watch over students as they practise the arts. At the centre is the allegorical Antverpia pictorum nutrix (“Antwerp, nurse of painters”). Chronos accompanies other young students who present their artwork. The river god Scaldis, a personification of Antwerp’s river Scheldt, symbolises with his cornucopia the wealth and bounty of the city’s artistic heritage.

The Guild of Saint Luke was the most common name for a city guild for painters and other artists in early modern Europe, especially in the Low Countries. They were named in honor of the Evangelist Luke, the patron saint of artists, who was identified by John of Damascus as having painted the Virgin’s portrait.

One of the most famous such organizations was founded in Antwerp. It continued to function until 1795, although by then it had lost its monopoly and therefore most of its power. In most cities, including Antwerp, the local government had given the Guild the power to regulate defined types of trade within the city. Guild membership, as a master, was therefore required for an artist to take on apprentices or to sell paintings to the public. Similar rules existed in Delft, where only members could sell paintings in the city or have a shop. The early guilds in Antwerp and Bruges, setting a model that would be followed in other cities, even had their own showroom or market stall from which members could sell their paintings directly to the public.

The guild of Saint Luke not only represented painters, sculptors, and other visual artists, but also—especially in the seventeenth century—dealers, amateurs, and even art lovers (the so-called liefhebbers). In the medieval period most members in most places were probably manuscript illuminators, where these were in the same guild as painters on wood and cloth—in many cities they were joined with the scribes or “scriveners”. In traditional guild structures, house-painters and decorators were often in the same guild. However, as artists formed under their own specific guild of St. Luke, particularly in the Netherlands, distinctions were increasingly made. In general, guilds also made judgments on disputes between artists and other artists or their clients. In such ways, it controlled the economic career of an artist working in a specific city, while in different cities they were wholly independent and often competitive against each other.

Peter Snijers – Selfportrait – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting. His masterpiece is a series of 12 paintings, each representing a different month of the year.

Pieter Snyers was born in Antwerp as the son of well-off merchant Peter and his wife Anna de Decker. He studied under Alexander van Bredael in 1694. He was registered as a master of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1707.

He is reported to have resided in London in the period from 1720 to 1726, where he painted portraits of various members of the nobility and clergymen. The artist who principally painted portraits of priests or monks, led such a calm and pious lifestyle that he was given the nickname De Heilige or The Holy One. He married Maria Catharina van der Boven, the daughter of a lawyer, in 1726. This marriage produced no issue. He was successful as an artist, and able to buy a house on the prestigious Meir in Antwerp and assemble a large collection of Flemish and Dutch masters there.

He entered on 17 August 1741 into an agreement with five other artists to provide free tuition at the directors of the Antwerp Academy. The Academy would eventually replace the Guild of Saint Luke.

Snyers died in Antwerp. His estate included a large collection of art works of major artists of the preceding century showing that he was well-off. His nephew and pupil Pieter Jan Snyers was heir to his considerable fortune.

Snyers was the teacher of his nephew Pieter Jan Snyers and Jacob Xavier Vermoelen.

Peter Snyers – A village market scene – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Peter Snijers – The Bird’s Nest – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Peter Snijers – Still Life with Fruit and Flowers – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Peter Snijers – Still Life with Dead Game – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting.

Pieter Snyers – Ram or The Month of March – 

This is a simplified and smaller replica of Snyder’s original painting of the Ram, representing the month March. It is one of a series of 12 paintings representing each of the 12 months of the year through an astrological sign and a scene representative of each particular month.

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting. His masterpiece is a series of 12 paintings, each representing a different month of the year.

Peter Snijers – Aquarius or The Month of January – 

Pieter Snyers or Peter Snijers (first name also written as: ‘Peeter’ and nickname ‘De Heilige’ or ‘The Holy One’) (30 March 1681 – 4 May 1752) was a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver. He practised a wide variety of genres, including portraits, genre painting, still life and landscape painting. His masterpiece is a series of 12 paintings, each representing a different month of the year.