Le Puy en Velay, Auvergne – Dirk Herman Willem Filarski
Oilon canvas, 81 x 65 cm.
Dirk Herman Willem Filarski (Amsterdam, 15 October 1885 – Zeist, 28 February 1964) was a Dutch painter belonging to the Bergen School.
The Bergen School is a movement in Dutch painting between 1915 and 1925, characterized by an expressionist style with cubist influences and dark hues. The artists lived and worked in or near the North Holland artists’ village of Bergen.
Many Dutch artists have lived and worked in Bergen (NH); it is known as ‘artist colony’. Between 1915 and 1925 the Bergen School took shape in Dutch painting. Most painters of the group found housing close to the Buerweg, in the hamlet Bergen Binnen, between Bergen and Bergen aan Zee.
The founders of this movement were the French painter Henri Le Fauconnier and the Dutch painter Piet van Wijngaerdt. They got a lot of imitation of young painters who agitated against Impressionism, just as happened in France with Fauvism and in Germany with Expressionism. The painterly theories of the group are largely written down in the magazine ‘Het Signaal’.