Edmond De Schampheleer – Cityscape on a river – 1871
Edmond De Schampheleer (Brussels, 21 July 1824 – Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, 12 March 1899) was a Belgian realism landscape painter and engraver.
After his training at Eugène De Block (1812-93) in Antwerp, De Schampheleer immediately profiled himself as a landscape painter. He also threw himself up as a convinced realist in this genre: the objective representation of the landscape, seen from a pictorial point of view. His realism continues the line that begins with Théodore Fourmois (1814-72); we also find the principles of French landscape painters from the so-called Barbizon School. All this implied intensive campaigns of painting in the open air, in which the square airstudies served as basic material for larger-scale oil paintings that arose in the studio.
Like most landscape painters, De Schampheleer undertook several journeys that gave him a whole range of motifs: Bavaria (Munich), the Netherlands, France, etc. In Barbizon he had contacts with the paysagists working there. According to some titles of works, he was also in Oosterbeek in Gelderland; this picturesque region was almost the same as the Dutch equivalent for Barbizon: many landscape painters also came here and met. Here, too, his vision developed based on seventeenth-century Dutch landscape painting. He also liked to paint in the untouched heathlands in the Genk area, as did Théodore Baron, Théodore Fourmois, Alphonse Asselbergs, Edmond Tschaggeny and Franz Courtens. They are therefore collectively grouped together under the name Genk School.
As far as his relations with other artists are concerned, we mention his close friendship with the landscape and animal painter Edmond De Pratere and the fact that he was the teacher of the painters Cl. Van den Broeck and Euphrosine Beernaert. The work of L. Pulinckx is stylistically closely related to that of De Schampheleer.
Together with Charles De Groux, Duwée, Félicien Rops, Camille Van Camp and Otto Von Thoren, he illustrated Contes Brabançons by Charles De Coster (wood engravings by William Brown), 1861. He was also one of the illustrators of the book Les Légendes Flamandes by Charles De Coster.
In 1869 he became a knight in the Leopold Order.